Publications

Akankwasa, K., Ortmann, G.F., Wale, E. and Tushemereirwe, W.K. (2013). Farmers’ choice among recently developed hybrid banana varieties in Uganda: A multinomial logit analysis. Agrekon: Agricultural Economics Research, Policy and Practice in Southern Africa 52(2):25-51.

Danielsen, S., Boa, E., Mafabi, M., Mutebi, E., Reeder, R., Kabeere, F. and Karyeija, R. (2013). Using Plant Clinic Registers to Assess the Quality of Diagnoses and Advice Given to Farmers: A Case Study from Uganda. Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension 19(2):183-201.

Dochez, C., Dusabe, J., Tenkouano, A., Ortiz, R., Whyte, J. and Waele, D. (2013). Screening Musa germplasm for resistance to burrowing nematode populations from Uganda. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 60(1):367-375.

Dochez, C., Dusabe, J., Tenkouano, A., Ortiz, R., Whyte, J. and De Waele, D. (2013). Variability in reproductive fitness and virulence of four Radopholus similis nematode populations associated with plantains and banana (Musa spp.) in Uganda. International Journal of Pest Management 59(1):20-24.

Jogo, W., Karamura, E., Tinzaara, W., Kubiriba, J. and Rietveld, A. (2013). Determinants of Farm-Level Adoption of Cultural Practices for Banana Xanthomonas Wilt Control in Uganda. Journal of Agricultural Science 5(7):70-81.

Nyombi, K. (2013). Towards sustainable highland banana production in Uganda: opportunities and challenges. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 13(2):7544-7561.

Ocimati, W., Ssekiwoko, F., Karamura, E., Tinzaara, W., Eden-Green, S. and Blomme, G. (2013). Systemicity of Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum and time to disease expression after inflorescence infection in East African highland and Pisang Awak bananas in Uganda. Plant Pathology 62(4):777-785.

W.Ocimati, F.Ssekiwoko, E.Karamura, W. Tinzaara, S.Eden-Green and G.Bloome. (2013). Systemicity of Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum and time to disease expression after inflorescence infection in East African highland and Pisang Awak bananas in Uganda. Plant Pathology Volume 62, Issue 4, pages 777–785, August 2013.

Mulumba, J.W., Nankya, R., Adokorach, J., Kiwuka, C., Fadda, C., De Santis, P. and Jarvis, D.I. (2012). A risk-minimizing argument for traditional crop varietal diversity use to reduce pest and disease damage in agricultural ecosystems of Uganda. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 157:70-86.

Fungo, R. and Pillay, M. 2011. B-Carotene content of selected banana genotypes from Uganda. African Journal of Biotechnology 10(28):5423-5430.

Jogo, W., Karamura, E., Kubiriba, J., Tinzaara, W., Rietveld, A., Onyango, M. and Odongo, M. (2011). Farmers’ awareness and application of banana Xanthomonas wilt control options: The case of Uganda and Kenya. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics 3(11):561-571.

Kikulwe, E.M., Biro, E., Wesseler, J. and Falck-Zepeda, J. (2011). A latent class approach to investigating demand for genetically modified banana in Uganda. Agricultural Economics 42(5):547-560.

Kikulwe, E.M., Wesseler, J. and Falck-Zepeda, J. (2011). Attitudes, Perceptions, and Trust: Insights from a Consumer Survey Regarding Genetically Modified Banana in Uganda. Appetite 57(2):401-413.

Komarek, A.M. and Ahmadi-Esfahani, F.Z. (2011). Impacts of price and productivity changes on banana-growing households in Uganda. Agricultural Economics 42(Supplement s1):141-151.

Van Asten, P.J.A., Wairegi, L.W.I., Mukasa, D. and Uringi, N.O. (2011). Agronomic and economic benefits of coffee-banana intercropping in Uganda’s smallholder farming systems. Agricultural Systems:326-334.

7 conference papers In: Dubois, T., Hauser, S., Staver, C. and Coyne, D. (eds). International Conference on Banana and Plantain in Africa on Harnessing International Partnerships to Increase Research Impact, Mombasa, Kenya, 2008/10/05-09. Acta Horticulturae 879. ISHS, Leuven, Belgium.

Van Asten, P.J.A., Florent, D. and Apio, M.S. (2010). Opportunities and constraints for dried dessert banana (Musa spp.) export in Uganda. p. 105-112.

Ngambeki, D., Nowakunda, K. and Tushemereirwe, W. (2010). The extent and causes of banana (Musa spp.) market distortions in Uganda. p. 143-150.

Kikulwe, E., Wesseler, J. and Falck-Zepeda, J. (2010). Consumer perceptions towards introducing a genetically modified banana (Musa spp.) in Uganda. p. 175-183.

Bagamba, F., Burger, K. and Tushemereirwe, W. (2010). Banana (Musa spp.) production characteristics and performance in Uganda. p. 187-198.

Van Asten, P.J.A., Wairegi, L.W.I., Bagamba, F. and Drew, C. (2010). Factors driving fertilizer adoption in banana (Musa spp.) systems in Uganda. p. 465-477.

Katung, E. and Akankwasa, K. (2010). Community-based organizations and their effect on the adoption of agricultural technologies in Uganda: a study of banana (Musa spp.) pest management technology. p. 719-726.

Karamura, E., Kayobyo, G., Tushemereirwe, W., Benin, S., Blomme, G., Eden Green, S. and Markham, R. (2010). Assessing the impacts of banana Bacterial Wilt disease on banana (Musa spp.) productivity and livelihoods of Ugandan farm households. p. 749-755.

Mutetikka, D., Bareeba, F. and Semakula, J. (2010). Effect of type and level of supplement on the in vitro organic matter digestibility of banana leaf diets offered to ruminants in Uganda. Agricultural Journal 5(2):98-100.

Wairegi, L.W.I. and Van Asten, P.J.A. (2010). The agronomic and economic benefits of fertilizer and mulch use in highland banana systems in Uganda. Agricultural Systems 103(8):543-550.

Fahleson, J., Nakyanzi, M., Okori, P., Seal, S., Kenyon, L. and Dixelius, C. (2009). Genetic analysis of Mycosphaerella fijiensis in the Ugandan Lake Victoria region. Plant Pathology 58(5):888-897.

Odipio, J., Tusiime, G., Tripathi, L. and Aritua, V. (2009). Genetic homogeneity among Ugandan isolates of Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum revealed by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA analysis. African Journal of Biotechnology 8(21):5652-5660.

Abera-Kalibata, A.M., Gold, C.S. and Van Driesche, R. (2008). Experimental evaluation of the impacts of two ant species on banana weevil in Uganda. Biological Control 46(2):147-157.

Bukusuba, J., Muranga, F.I. and Nampala, P. (2008). Effect of processing technique on energy density and viscosity of cooking banana: implication for weaning foods in Uganda. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 43(8):1424-1429.

Edmeades, S., Phaneuf, D.J., Smale, M. and Renkow, M. (2008). Modelling the crop variety demand of semi-subsistence households: bananas in Uganda. Journal of Agricultural Economics 59(2):329-349.

G. Blomme, G. Sebuwufu, Temesgen Addis and L. F. Turyagenda. (2008). Relative Performance of Root and Shoot Development in Inset and East African Highland Bananas. African Crop Science Journal, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 51 – 57

G. Blomme, L.F. Turyagyenda, H. Mukasa and S. Eden-Green. (2008). Effectiveness of Different Herbicides in the Destruction of Banana Xanthomonas Wilt infected plants. African Crop Science Journal, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 103 – 110

G.Nantale, E.K.Kakudidi, D.A.Karamura, E.Karamura and G.Soka. (2008). Scientific Basis For Banana Cultivar Proportions On-Farm in East Africa. African Crop Science Journal, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 41 – 49

Mugisha-Kamatenesi, M., Deng, A.L., Ogendo, J.O., Omolo, E.O., Mihale, M.J., Otim, M., Buyungo, J.P. and Bett, P.K. (2008). Indigenous knowledge of field insect pests and their management around Lake Victoria basin in Uganda. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 2(8):342-348.

Turyagyenda, L.F., Blomme, G., Ssekiwoko, F., Karamura, E.B., Mpiira, S. and Eden-Green, S. (2008). Rehabilitation of banana farms destroyed by Xanthomonas wilt in Uganda. Journal of Applied Biosciences 8(1):230-235.

W.Tinzaara, C.S.Gold, M.Dicke, A.Van Huis, and P.E.Ragama. (2008). Effect of Mulching on Banana Weevil Movement Relative to Pheromone Traps. African Crop Science Journal, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 59 – 66

Abele, S. and Pillay, M. (2007). Bacterial wilt and drought stresses in banana production and their impact on economic welfare in Uganda: implications for banana research in east african highlands. Journal of Crop Improvement 19(1/2):173-191.

Abera-Kalibata, A.M., Gold, C.S., Van Driesche, R.G. and Ragama, P.E. (2007). Composition, distribution, and relative abundance of ants in banana farming systems in Uganda. Biological Control 40(2):168-178.

Aritua, V., Nanyonjo, A., Kumakech, F. and Tushemereirwe, W. (2007). Rep-PCR reveals a high genetic homogeneity among Ugandan isolates of Xanthomonas campestris pv musacearum. African Journal of Biotechnology 6(3):179-183.

Dauwers, A. (2007). Uganda hosts banana trial. Nature 447(2007/06/28): 1042.

Kiggundu, A., Gold, C.S., Labuschagne, M.T., Vuylsteke, D. and Louw, S. 2007. Components of resistance to banana weevil (Cosmopolites sordidus) in Musa germplasm in Uganda. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 122(1):27-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00496.x

Mugerwa, N. (2007). Rainwater harvesting and rural livelihood improvement in banana growing areas of Uganda. Linköping University, Linköping (SWE). 61p.

Smale, M. (ed.) and Tushemereirwe, W. (ed.). (2007). An economic assessment of banana genetic improvement and innovation in the Lake Victoria Region of Uganda and Tanzania, IFPRI Research Report. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC (USA). 188p.

Stangeland, T., Remberg, S.F. and Lye, K.A. (2007). Antioxidants in some Ugandan fruits. African Journal of Ecology 45(3):29-30.

Tinzaara, W., Gold, C.S., Dicke, M., Van Huis, A., Nankinga, C.M., Kagezi, G.H. and Ragama, P.E. (2007). The use of aggregation pheromone to enhance dissemination of Beauveria bassiana for the control of the banana weevil in Uganda. Biocontrol Science and Technology 17(2):111-124.

Bagamba, F., Kikulwe, E., Tushemereirwe, W., Ngambeki, D., Muhangi, J., Kagezi, G.H., Ragama, P.E. and Eden-Green, S.J. (2006). Awareness of banana bacterial wilt control in Uganda: 1. Farmers’ perspective. African Crop Science Journal 14(2):157-164.

Edmeades, S., Smale, M. and Karamura, D.A. (2006). Biodiversity of bananas on farms in Uganda. p1-4. In: Smale, M., Edmeades, S., De Groote, H. (eds). Promising crop biotechnologies for smallholder farmers in East Africa: bananas and maize. Research at a Glance. IFPRI, Washington (USA).

Gold, C.S., Okech, S.H., McIntyre, B.D., Kagezi, G., Ragama, P.E. and Night, G. (2006). Effects of mulch on banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar) populations and damage in Uganda. Crop Protection 25(11):1153-1160. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2005.10.013

Kagezi, G.H., Kangire, A., Tushemereirwe, W., Bagamba, F., Kikulwe, E., Muhangi, J., Gold, C.S. and Ragama, P.E. (2006). Banana bacterial wilt incidence in Uganda. African Crop Science Journal 14(2):83-91.

Kalyebara, M.R., Ragama, P.E., Kikulwe, E., Bagamba, F., Nankinga, C. and Tushemereirwe, W. (2006). Economic importance of the banana bacterial wilt in Uganda. African Crop Science Journal 14(2):93-104.

Muhangi, J., Nankinga, C., Tushemereirwe, W., Rutherford, M., Ragama, P.E., Nowakunda, K. and Abeyasekera, S. (2006). Impact of awareness campaigns for banana bacterial wilt in Uganda. African Crop Science Journal 14(2):175-183.

Ngambeki, D., Tushemereirwe, W. and Okaasai, O. (2006). Awareness of banana bacterial wilt control in Uganda: 2. Community leaders perspectives. African Crop Science Journal 14(2):165-174.

Okurut, W., Tushemereirwe, W., Aritua, V. and Ragama, P.E. (2006). Use of herbicides for control of banana bacterial wilt in Uganda. African Crop Science Journal 14(2):143-150.

Ssekiwoko, F., Taligoola, H.K. and Tushemereirwe, W. (2006). Xanthomonas campestris pv musacearum host range in Uganda. African Crop Science Journal 14(2):111-120.

Tushemereirwe, W., Okaasai, O., Kubiriba, J., Nankinga, C., Muhangi, J., Odoi, N. and Opio, F. (2006). Status of banana bacterial wilt in Uganda. African Crop Science Journal 14(2):73-83.

Tushemereirwe, W., Bagamba, F., Katungi, E., Kikulwe, E., Karamura, D., Edmeades, S. and Smale, M. (2006). A baseline assessment of banana production and management practices in Uganda – Uganda country report. NARO, Entebbe (UGA). 82p.

Harper, G., Hart, D., Moult, S., Hull, R., Geering, A. and Thomas, J.E. (2005). The diversity of banana streak virus isolates in Uganda. Archives of Virology 150(12):2407-2420.

Lejju, B.J., Taylor, D. and Robertshaw, P. (2005). Late-Holocene environmental variability at Munsa archaeological site, Uganda: a multicore, multiproxy approach. Holocene 15(7):1044-1061.

Masanza, M., Gold, C.S. and Van Huis, A. (2005). Distribution, timing of attack, and oviposition of the banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus, on banana crop residues in Uganda. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 117(2):119-126.

Tinzaara, W., Gold, C.S., Kagezi, G.H., Dicke, M., Van Huis, A., Nankinga, C., Tushemereirwe, W. and Ragama, P.E. (2005). Effects of two pheromone trap densities against banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus, populations and their impact on plant damage in Uganda. Journal of Applied Entomology 129(5):265-271.

Baingana, R.K. (2004). The need for food composition data in Uganda. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 17(3-4):501-507.

Edmeades, S., Smale, M., Renkow, M. and Phaneuf, D. (2004). Variety demand within the framework of an agricultural household model with attributes: the case of bananas in Uganda. EPTD Discussion Paper. IFPRI, Washington (USA). 68p.

Elsen, A., Goossens, B., Belpaire, B., Neyens, A., Speijer, P. and De Waele, D. (2004). Recolonisation by nematodes of hot water treated cooking banana planting material in Uganda. Nematology 6(2):215-221.

Gold, C.S., Kagezi, G.H., Night, G. and Ragama, P.E. (2004). The effects of banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus, damage on highland banana growth, yield and stand duration in Uganda. Annals of Applied Biology 145(3):263-269.

Gold, C.S., Night, G., Ragama, P.E., Kagezi, G.H., Tinzaara, W. and Abera, A.M.K. (2004). Field distribution of banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar) adults in cooking banana stands in Uganda. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 24(3):242-248.

Harper, G., Hart, D., Moult, S. and Hull, R. (2004). Banana streak virus is very diverse in Uganda. Virus Research 100(1):51-56.

Kashaija, I.N., McIntyre, B.D., Ssali, H. and Kizito, F. (2004). Spatial distribution of roots, nematode populations and root necrosis in highland banana in Uganda. Nematology 6(1):7-12.

Nowakunda, K. and Tushemereirwe, W. (2004). Farmer acceptance of introduced banana genotypes in Uganda. African Crop Science Journal 12(1):1-6.

Tushemereirwe, W., Kangire, A., Ssekiwoko, F., Offord, L.C., Crozier, J., Boa, E., Rutherford, M.A. and Smith, J.J. (2004). First report of Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum on banana in Uganda. Plant Pathology 53(6):802.

Tushemereirwe, W., Kangire, A., Ssekiwoko, F., Offord, L.C., Crozier, J., Boa, E., Rutherford, M. and Smith, J.J. (2004). First report of Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum on banana in Uganda. New Disease Reports:2.

Tushemereirwe, W.K., Kangire, A., Kubiriba, J., Nakyanzi, M. and Gold, C.S. (2004). Diseases threatening banana biodiversity in Uganda. African Crop Science Journal 12(1):19-26.

Ssango, F., Speijer, P.R., Coyne, D. and De Waele, D. (2004). Path analysis: a novel approach to determine the contribution of nematode damage to East African Highland banana (Musa spp., AAA) yield loss under two crop management practices in Uganda. Field Crops Research 90(2/3):177-187.

Smithson, P.C., McIntyre, B.D., Gold, C.S., Ssali, H., Night, G. and Okech, S.H.O. (2004). Potassium and magnesium fertilizers on banana in Uganda: yields, weevil damage, foliar nutrient status and DRIS analysis. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 69(1):43-49.

Kiggundu, A., Gold, C.S., Labuschagne, M.T., Vuylsteke, D. and Louw, S. (2003). Levels of host plant resistance to banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in Ugandan Musa germplasm. Euphytica 133(3):267-277.

Pillay, M., Dimkpa, C., Ude, G., Makumbi, D. and Tushemereirwe, W. (2003). Genetic variation in banana cultivar ‘Sukali Ndizi’ grown in different regions of Uganda. African Crop Science Journal 11(2):87-95.

Briggs, L. and Twomlow, S.J. (2002). Organic material flows within a smallholder highland farming system of South West Uganda. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 89(3):191-212.

Gold, C.S., Kiggundu, A., Abera, A.M.K. and Karamura, D.A. (2002). Selection criteria of Musa cultivars through a farmer participatory appraisal survey in Uganda. Experimental Agriculture 38(1):29-38.

Gold, C.S., Kiggundu, A., Abera, A.M.K. and Karamura, D.A. (2002). Diversity, distribution and farmer preference of Musa cultivars in Uganda. Experimental Agriculture 38(1):39-50.

Goldman, A. and Heldenbrand, K. (2002). Gender and Soil Fertility Management in Mbale District, Southeastern Uganda. African Studies Quarterly 6(1/2):25.

Harper, G., Hart, D., Moult, S. and Hull, R. (2002). Detection of Banana streak virus in field samples of bananas from Uganda. Annals of Applied Biology 141(3):247-257.

Nkedi-Kizza, P., Aniku, J., Awuma, K. and Gladwin, C.H. (2002). Gender and soil fertility in Uganda: a comparison of soil fertility indicators for women and men’s agricultural plots. African Studies Quarterly 6(1/2):13.

Rukazambuga, N.D.T., Gold, C.S., Gowen, S. and Ragama, P.E. (2002). The influence of crop management on banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) populations and yield of highland cooking banana (cv. ‘Atwalira’) in Uganda. Bulletin of Entomological Research 92(5):413-421.

McIntyre, B.D., Bouldin, D.R., Urey, G.H. and Kizito, F. (2001). Modeling cropping strategies to improve human nutrition in Uganda. Agricultural Systems 67(2):105-120.

Kubiriba, J., Legg, J.P., Tushemereirwe, W. and Adipala, E. (2001). Disease spread patterns of Banana streak virus in farmers, fields in Uganda. Annals of Applied Biology 139(1):31-36.

Kubiriba, J., Legg, J.P., Tushemereirwe, W. and Adipala, E. (2001). Vector transmission of Banana streak virus in the screenhouse in Uganda. Annals of Applied Biology 139(1):37-43.

Smithson, P.C., McIntyre, B.D., Gold, C.S., Ssali, H. and Kashaija, I.N. (2001). Nitrogen and potassium fertilizer vs. nematode and weevil effects on yield and foliar nutrient status of banana in Uganda. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 59(3):239-250.

Speijer, P.R. and De Waele, D. (2001). Nematodes associated with east african highland cooking bananas and cv. ‘Pisang Awak’ (Musa spp.) in central Uganda. Nematology 3(6):535-541.

Speijer, P.R., Nampala, P.M., Elsen, A., Ekwamu, E. and De Waele, D. (2001). Reinfestation by nematodes and performance of hot-water-treated East African Highland cooking bananas as perceived by farmers in Ikulwe, Iganga district, Uganda. African Plant Protection 7(2):85-89.

12 conference papers In: Craenen, K., Ortiz, R., Karamura, E.B. and Vuylsteke, D. (eds). First International Conference on Banana and Plantain for Africa, Kampala (UGA), 1996/10/14-18. Acta Horticulturae 540. ISHS, Leuven (BEL).

Gold, C.S., Kiggundu, A., Abera, A.M.K., Ssendege, R., Karamura, E.B., Bagamba, F., Wejuli, M., Karamura, D.A. and Kalyebara, R. (2000). Geographic shifts in highland banana production in Uganda. p. 55-62.

Karamura, D.A., Pickersgill, B., Vuylsteke, D., Gold, C.S., Karamura, E.B. and Kiggundu, A. (2000). Multivariate analyses of supposedly duplicate accessions of East African Highland bananas in germplasm collections in Uganda. p. 89-97.

Davies, G.E. (2000). Banana cultivars in a highland Ugandan village: Some effects of farmer selection on diffusion of cultivars and genetic diversity, 1937-1994. p. 99-105.

Speijer, P.R., Ssango, F. and Vuylsteke, D. (2000). Evaluation of host plant response to nematodes in Musa germplasm in Uganda. p. 225-232.

Zake, J.Y.K., Bwamiki, D.P. and Nkwiine, C. (2000). Soil management requirements for banana production on the heavy soils around Lake Victoria in Uganda. p. 285-292.

Johanson, A., Tushemereirwe, W. and Karamura, E.B. (2000). Distribution of Sigatoka leaf spots in Uganda as determined by species-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR). p. 319-324.

Kangire, A., Karamura, E.B., Gold, C.S. and Rutherford, M.A. (2000). Fusarium wilt of banana in Uganda, with special emphasis on wilt-like symptoms observed on East African highland cooking cultivars (Musa spp., AAA). p. 343-353.

Speijer, P.R., Gold, C.S., Goossens, B., Karamura, E.B., Elsen, A. and De Waele, D. (2000). Rate of nematode infestation of clean banana planting material (Musa spp. AAA) in Uganda. p. 461-467.

Abera, A.M.K., Gold, C.S., Kyamanywa, S. and Karamura, E.B. (2000). Banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar), ovipositional preferences, timing of attack and larval survivorship in a mixed cultivar trial in Uganda. p. 487-495.

Okech, S.H.O., Gold, C.S., Speijer, P.R., Ssali, H. and Karamura, E.B. (2000). Relationships between soil fertility, banana weevil and nematodes in the East African highland cooking banana in Ntungamo, South Western Uganda. p.505-514.

Ssemwanga, J.K., Thompson, A.K. and Aked, J. (2000). Quality and acceptability of the new banana cultivar FHIA-03 compared to indigenous Uganda cultivars for matooke preparation. p.561-567.

Gensi-Mafara, R., Kyamuhangire, W. and Carasco, J.F. (2000). Traditional production method and storage characteristics for banana beer (Tonto) in Uganda. p.569-574.

Barekye, A., Kashaija, I.N., Tushemereirwe, W. and Adipala, E. (2000). Comparison of damage levels caused by Radopholus similis and Helicotylenchus multicinctus on bananas in Uganda. Annals of Applied Biology 137(3):273-278.

Elsen, A., Speijer, P.R., Swennen, R. and De Waele, D. (2000). Nematode species densities, root damage and yield of bananas (Musa spp.) in Uganda. African Plant Protection 6(2):31-36.

Talwana, H.A.L., Speijer, P.R. and De Waele, D. (2000). Spatial distribution of nematode population densities and nematode damage in roots of three banana cultivars in Uganda. Nematropica 30(1):19-31.