Bananas are one of the most common fruit crops grown in Mozambique, and can be regarded as one of the major sources of food security, due to its capacity of producing bunches throughout the year. Banana (Musa spp.) production in Mozambique is largely confined to the Cavendish variety that is eaten as a dessert.
In Mozambique, bananas are also an important source of income of smallholder farming families, who grow it on small family plots, partly for home consumption and partly for sale in local or near by markets.
Major banana producers in Mozambique
|Province||Sector||Business entity(ies)||Area Production|
|Maputo||Commercial||Bananalandia||approx 750 ha,
|Libombos Macadamia Lda|
|Tropical Frutos, Lda|
|Rio Verde, SARL|
|AAA Enterprise, Lda|
|Small-scale||Individual families Farmers associations|
|Manica||Small-scale||Individual families Farmers associations||Approx 400-600 ha
|Nampula||Commercial||Matanuska Lda||Projected 3000 ha (www.freshplaza.com)|
Modified from: Solomon Gebeyehu, SPS Coordinator for Southern Africa USDA-Foreign Agricultural Service.
Major banana cultivars in Mozambique include:
- Apple banana (banana-mac) – small and tasty fruits, though easily perishable.
- Dwarf Cavendish (Cavendish AAA)- cultivated through out the year
Other varieties include: 1. Grand Naine, 2. Chinese Cavendish